Maintaining Confidentiality During an Employer Investigation is a Good Idea, Right? Not So Fast Says the NLRB

Consider the following scenario.  An employee complains to a supervisor about harassment by a coworker.  The supervisor refers the complaint to human resources.  An HR supervisor interviews the complainant, the harasser, and the witnesses, and instructs the employees to keep everything discussed confidential – a perfectly acceptable instruction, right?

Not so fast according to the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB).  As part of a continuing series of decisions making life more complex for employers, in Banner Health System, 358 NLRB No. 93 (2012), the NLRB ruled that such a request violated the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA).  In Banner Health, the employer utilized a form that contained an instruction to employees that prohibited talking about the investigation.  Additionally, the HR rep conducting the interviews testified that she gave the instruction not to discuss the investigation while it was ongoing.

The NLRB concluded that the employer’s “blanket” rule approach to confidentiality was overbroad and therefore unlawful because it restrained employees from exercising their Section 7 rights to engage in protected and concerted activity (such as discussing workplace misconduct) under the NLRA.

Takeaway:  When conducting an investigation into possible employee misconduct, an employer must make a case by case assessment of whether there is a need for confidentiality.  Issues such as whether witnesses need protection, there is a danger of evidence being destroyed or testimony being fabricated, or a need to prevent a “cover up,” are issues to be considered in determining whether to instruct employees that the investigation must be kept confidential.  Be sure to consult your labor counsel to determine when it is appropriate and lawful to insist upon employee confidentiality.

About Michael Miller

Michael is a Chambers-rated attorney in Briggs and Morgan's Employment, Benefits, and Labor group and is head of the firm’s Employment Law Counseling and Compliance practice group. He has 25 years experience counseling employers to prevent unwanted litigation and advises companies of ongoing changes in federal, state and local employment law. Michael advises employers in all areas of employment law including discipline and discharge, leaves of absence, wage and hour compliance, non-compete and confidentiality agreements, affirmative action plans, background checking, and drug/alcohol testing. For Michael's full bio, click here.

Posted on March 28, 2013, in Unions and Labor Law. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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